The National Museum of Ethnology (Minpaku) is a research center for ethnology and cultural anthropology.

Crossroads of Palestinian Nationalism and Zionism

Joint Research Coordinator SUGASE Akiko

Reserch Theme List


This joint research project brings the perspectives of anthropology, history, political science, geography, and sociology to a comparative study of Palestinian nationalism, Zionism, and Arab nationalism.

The origins of Palestinian nationalism has been traced to 1834, the year of popular uprisings against the Ottoman Empire in the major cities of Palestine (Kimmering and Midgal 1995). There have, however, been numerous critiques of this view, citing, for example, reaction against the great powers splitting off of Syria and the colonization of Palestine. The thesis advanced by Khalidi (1997) that Palestinian identity was formed in opposition to Zionism is particularly well-known. Whatever the case, there is no denying that Palestinian nationalism was fueled by the clash of Arab nationalism in Arab territories on the periphery of the Ottoman Empire with Zionist colonization originating in Russia and Eastern Europe. For this project, we have invited experts on all three nationalisms, Palestinian, Arab and Zionist to share information in an effort to deepen understanding of the relationships among them.