The National Museum of Ethnology (Minpaku) is a research center for ethnology and cultural anthropology.

Anthropogical studies of Landscape: From the view points of Visualization and Embodiment

Joint Research Coordinator KAWAI Hironao

Reserch Theme List


landscape, visualization, embodiment


While efforts to create local color are visible throughout our globalizing world, particular attention is being paid to nature, architecture and parks, in combination with local and ethnic history, to create landmarks. Anthropologists in Japan have not, however, sufficiently addressed the relationship between landscape and cultural politics. Landscape anthropology is not yet established as a distinct subfield. This joint research project will investigate the significance and role of anthropology in research on landscape, with a primary focus on competition between the variety of actors engaged in competition to define the meanings attached to landscape.
More concretely, this joint research project will examine the mechanisms of landscape formation around the world primarily from two perspectives. The first will be that of the local governments, planners, developers, travel agencies and mass media who visualize local culture in stereotyped terms. The second will be that of the processes by which residents, tourists and performers embody landscape through physical experience. Our goal will to develop a model combining these two perspectives, to promote development of landscape anthropology in Japan.