The National Museum of Ethnology (Minpaku) is a research center for ethnology and cultural anthropology.
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BULLETIN OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM OF ETHNOLOGY Vol. 24 No. 2 1999

Kishigami, Nobuhiro
Current Socio-Economic Situation of Urban Inuit in Canada:
A Case Study from Montreal
205
Chun, Kyung-soo
Representing Colonialism and Nationalism in the Korean Museum
247
Watanabe, Hitoshi
Jomon Clay Figurines and the Goddess Cult: An Ethnoarchaeological Study, part 3
291


Current Socio-Economic Situation of Urban Inuit in Canada:
A Case Study from Montreal
Nobuhiro Kishigami

In 1991, 8,300 of the 49,000 Inuit in Canada were residing in several southern Canadian cities with populations over lOO,000. The overall living situation and conditions of urban Inuit in Canada are relatively unknown. In this paper, I will describe the reasons why Inuit migrated from their home communities to the urban environment of Montreal and their socio-economic situation as of 1997. I then will discuss changes in the life styles and ethnic identities of these “urban Inuit”. Inuit living in Montreal have not yet established a distinct community or Urban culture. Rather, Montreal Inuit exhibit emerging multiple identities that may relate to such factors as prolonged city residence and marriage to non-Inuit. This urban sub-population generally does not speak Inuktitut nor practice “northern Inuit” ways of life, yet maintains “Inuit” as one of its several ethnic identities.
Key Words: urban natives of Canada, Inuit, reasons for migrations, ways of life, ethnic identity, economic situations, social networks


Representing Colonialism and Nationalism in the Korean Museum
Kyung-soo Chun

The idea of a museum cannot be divorced from the context of Western imperialism and colonial expansionism. The Government-General Museum of Korea (Chosen Sotokufu Hakubutsukan) was established in 1915 on the site of the Korean Palace with even the name of The museum carrying overtly the meaning of domination over the people in the colony. This was the colonialist museum, as I like to call it.
The nationalist museum by contrast eventually replaced the former in terms of the building as well as organization with independence under the auspices of the US military government. The museum incorporated the Museum of Anthropology in Seoul just before the Korean War of 1950. In this sense, between the colonialist era and the war the museum was carrying the content of anthropological ideas regarding other cultures.
Thus the museum has at least as often served colonialist as well as Nationalist interests, Providing evidence for the antiquity, Culturalmerit, And political legitimacy for ruling the people during colonial days as well as of a people and their government since independence.
In the 21st century, the key-word “globalism” could be the main Issue in formulating our museums in the world.
Key Words: Korea, museum, colonialism, nationalism, political anthropology


Jomon Clay Figurines and the Goddess Cult:
An Ethnoarchaeological Study, part 3
Hitoshi Watanabe

Key Words: Jomon clay figurines, classification of the trunk form, waisted figurines (D-type), archaeological contexts, life cycle model of clay figurines