国立民族学博物館(みんぱく)は、博物館をもった文化人類学・民族学の研究所です。
english site

スタッフの紹介

ピーター J. マシウス
ピーター J. マシウスMATTHEWS, Peter J.
超域フィールド科学研究部・教授
専門分野
  • 先史学・民族植物学
各個研究
  • 1.東南アジアにおけるサトイモの遺伝的多様性のマッピングによる栽培化モデルの検証
  • 2.政治的及び地理的に隔離された少数民族独自生存圏での植物遺伝資源及び伝統知の賦存
  • 3.アジア・太平洋地域におけるカジノキ(Broussonetia papyrifera)の自然史と文化史
  • 4.フォーラム型情報ミュージアム:ジョージ・ブラウン・コレクション
  • 5.考古学の民族誌――考古学的知識の多様な形成・利用・変成過程の研究
個人ホームページ 

略歴

  • オーストラリア国立大学大学院博士課程修了。科学技術庁特別研究員(農水産省野菜茶業試験場)、日本学術振興会特別研究員(京都大学理学部)を歴任。
  • 1995年より民博。

専門分野

先史学、民族植物学

研究のキーワード

Asia, Pacific, Mediterranean, ethnobotany, archaeology, plant sciences

現在の研究課題

History of agriculture and plant domestication, with specific interests in taro (Colocasia esculenta), paper mulberry (Broussonetia papyrifera), and other plants.

所属学会

Society for Economic Botany, Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association, Ancient Starch Research Group

主要業績

2006
Written Records of Taro in the Eastern Meditteranean. In Z. Fusun Ertug (ed.) Proceedings of the Fourth International Congress of Ethnobotany (ICEB 2005), Istanbul-Turkey, pp.419–426, 21–26 August, 2005, Yayinlari, Istanbul.
1996
Ethnobotany, and the Origins of Broussonetia Papyrifera in Polynesia. (An essay on tapa prehistory). In J. M. Davidson, G. Irwin, B. F. Leach, A. Pawley, and D. Brown (eds.) Oceanic Culture History: Essays in Honour of Roger Green, pp.117–132. Wellington: New Zealand Journal of Archaeology.
1991
A Possible Tropical Wildtype Taro: Colocasia esculenta var. aquatilis. Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association Bulletin 11: 69–81.

受賞歴

1979
TANE Journal Prize for Best Student Paper

代表者を務めた研究プロジェクト

科研「温帯地域におけるサトイモ利用に関する民族考古学的研究―ニュージーランド・南ヨーロッパ・東アジアにおけるサトイモの貯蔵・加工過程の変遷の把握による民族考古学的モデルの構築」(2000-2002)

経歴詳細

学歴
  • オークランド大学理学部(1981)
  • 同大学院理学研究科修士課程修了(1984)
  • オーストラリア国立大学大学院博士課程修了(1990)
職歴
  • 科学技術庁特別研究員(農水産省野菜茶業試験場)(1990)
  • 日本学術振興会特別研究員(京都大学理学部)(1993)
  • 国立民族学博物館助手(1995)
  • 国立民族学博物館助教授(1999)
学位
  • M.Sc(オークランド大学 1984)、Ph.D(オーストラリア国立大学 1990)
  • [学位論文]
  • 1990 Matthews, P. J. The origins, dispersal and domestication of taro. PhD thesis, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University.

研究詳細

  • History of agriculture and plant domestication, with specific interests in taro (Colocasia esculenta), paper mulberry (Broussonetia papyrifera), and other plants.
  • Storage and use of taro in temperate regions (Japan, Mediterranean, and New Zealand), renewal of the Oceania Gallery at Minpaku.
  • I have recently created two non-profit websites :
  • (1) The Research Cooperative, a meeting place for academic and scientific writers, editors, translators, and others.
  • (2) Jomon Japan .org, an online geographically organised guide to Jomon archaeology in Japan.
    See : www.jomonjapan.org

業績詳細

編著書
2004
P. J. Matthews and J. Akamine (eds.) Research Writing in Japan: Cultural, Personal and Practical Perspectives. Senri Ethnological Reports 49. Osaka: National Museum of Ethnology.
出版
2011
『Irrigated Taro (Colocasia esculenta) in the Indo-Pacific: Biological, Social and Historical Perspectives』2012, National Museum of Ethnology, edited by Matthew Spriggs, David Addison and Peter Matthews
論文等
2015
(with Dilip MEDHI) Feasibility Study for Field Research: Ethnobotany and Ecology of Wild and Cultivated Aroids in Assam State, Northeast India, Annual Report on Exploration and Introduction of Plant Genetic Resources in FY2013, volume30, pp159-183 PDF [4.3.8MB]
2013
Prehistory in a nutshell: a Lapita-age nut-cracking stone from the Arawe Islands, Papua New Guinea Archaeology in Oceania Volume 48, Issue 3, pages 121-129. abstract / PDF [1.2MB]
2013
(with Harriet V. Hunt, Hannah M. Moots) Genetic data confirms field evidence for natural breeding in a wild taro population (Colocasia esculenta) in northern Queensland, Australia. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution Springer Link
2012
(with Ibrar Ahmed, Patrick J. Biggs, Lesley J. Collins, Michael D. Hendy, and Peter J. Lockhart) Mutational dynamics of aroid chloroplast genomes. Genome Biology and Evolution 4(12):1316-1323. Genome Biology and Evolution
2011
(with Matthew Spriggs) Irrigated Taro in the Indo-Pacific: Multiple Perspectives
2011
(with E. M. G. Agoo, D. N. Tandang and D. A. Madulid) Ethnobotany and Ecology of Wild Taro (Colocasia esculenta) in the Philippines:Implications for Domestication and Dispersal
2011
(Translated by Jee Yan Chu; Introduced by P. J. Matthews) Yu Jing (The Book of Taro) Shengzheng Huang
2010
「旅・いろいろ地球人、オセアニア探検(4)帆にも服にもなる葉」『毎日新聞』8月4日夕刊
2010
An introduction to the history of taro as a food. The Global Diversity of Taro: Ethnobotany and Conservation. Bioversity International: Rome. pp.6-29. Bioversity International
2009
(With T. Denham, et al.) Archaeobotany in Australia and New Guinea: Practice, Potential and Prospects, Australian Archaeology 68: 1–10. Australian Archaeological Association Inc., Australia. ePublications@SUC
2009
Ethnobotany and Ecology of Wild Aroids. Minpaku Anthropology Newsletter 28: 8–10. National Museum of Ethnology.
2009
「green」国立民族学博物館編『旅いろいろ地球人』p.99, 淡交社。
2009
「危険と楽しみ」国立民族学博物館編『旅いろいろ地球人』p.145, 淡交社。
2008
A Wandering Scholar at a Crossroad in Japan. Kaiho (Club Quarterly Report, Autumn) 218: 9–12. International Science Club of Osaka.
2008
「ピーナッツバター瓶の中のジャングル」『教室の窓』Vol. 24, p.40, 東京書籍
2007
The Great Ocean Voyage: Vaka Moana and Island Life Today. Minpaku Anthropology Newsletter 25: 27–28. National Museum of Ethnology.
2007
「オセアニア大航海展」『朝日新聞』9月13日
2007
「植物の移動経路をたどる―植物学からみたオセアニア文化」国立民族学博物館編『オセアニア―海の人類大移動』pp.46-51,昭和堂
2007
「帆の都市のミュージアム」 『月刊みんぱく』31(5):10-11,国立民族学博物館。
2007
「異文化を学ぶ:海と人(8) ─ 危険と楽しみ」『毎日新聞』7月25日夕刊
2006
マシウス、ピーター・J, 西田泰民著 「残存デンプン分析の先行研究と目的」『新潟県立歴史博物館研究紀要』第7号,pp.1-6, 新潟県立歴史博物館
2006
渋谷綾子,マシウス、ピーター・J, 鈴木忠司著 「旧石器時代石器試料の残存デンプン標本」『新潟県立歴史博物館研究紀要』第7号,pp.17-24, 新潟県立歴史博物館
2006
Plant Trails in Oceania. In K. R. Howe (ed.) Vaka Moana: Voyage of the Ancestors, pp.94–97. Auckland, New Zealand: David Bateman Ltd.
2006
Written Records of Taro in the Eastern Meditteranean. In Z. Fusun Ertug (ed.) Proceedings of the Fourth International Congress of Ethnobotany (ICEB 2005), Istanbul-Turkey, pp.419–426, 21–26 August, 2005, Yayinlari, Istanbul.
2006
「異文化を学ぶ:色(2) ─ green」『毎日新聞』10月11日夕刊
2006
(With H. Barton) Taphonomy. In R. Torrence and H. Barton (eds.) Ancient Starch Research, pp.75–94, Walnut Creek, California, U.S.A.: Left Coast Press.
2006
The Domestication of Nutrient Cycles: A Unifying Principle for Thinking about the Origins of Agriculture? In T. Osada and M. Witzel (eds.) Proceedings of the 7th ESCA Harvard-Kyoto Roundtable, Ethnogenesis of South and Central Asia, pp.80–95, 6–8 June, 2005, Kyoto: Research Institute for Humanity and Nature.
2006
How and When Did Taro Become the Most Widespread Starchy Food Crop in the World? In R. Torrence and H. Barton (eds.) Ancient Starch Research, pp.22–23, Walnut Creek, California, U.S.A.: Left Coast Press.
2005
「イモ言葉いろいろ」マシウス、ピーター・J著,山中由里子訳 『月刊みんぱく』29(7):14,国立民族学博物館。
2005
(With P. Joseph K. and W. Naing) Notes on the Provenance and Providence of Wildtype Taros (Colocasia esculenta) in Myanmar. 『国立民族学博物館研究報告』29(4): 587-615,国立民族学博物館。
2004
Taro. Encyclopedia of World Environmental History 3: 1185–1186, London: Routledge.
2004
Genetic Diversity in Taro, and the Preservation of Culinary Knowledge. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 2: 57–71. University of Hawaii at Manoa.
2004
「ニュージーランドの食文化」 『世界の食文化7 オーストラリア・ニュージーランド』農山漁村文化協会 pp.219-250
2004
(With J. Akamine) Preface. Research Writing in Japan: Cultural, Personal and Practical Perspectives, i-iii. Osaka: National Museum of Ethnology.
2004
Taro. In S. Krech III, J. R. McNeill and C. Merchant (eds.) Encyclopedia of World Environmental History, Volume 3, pp. 1185–1186. New York and London: Routledge.
2004
Research Writing in Japan: The Bottleneck and Imperatives for a Conference Series. In P. J. Matthews and J. Akamine (eds.) Research Writing in Japan: Cultural, Personal and Practical Perspectives, pp.179–191. Osaka, National Museum of Ethnology.
2003
Taro planthoppers (Tarophagus spp) in Australia and the Origins of Taro (Colocasia esculenta) in Oceania. Archaeology in Oceania 38: 192–202.
2003
Identification of Benincasa Hispida (wax gourd) from the Kana Archaeological Site, Western Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea. Archaeology in Oceania 38: 186–191.
2002
(With M. Matsuda, and Y. Ochiai) Comments on the Classification and Naming of Root Crops and Other Crop Categories. In S. Yoshida and P. J. Matthews (eds.) Vegeculture in Eastern Asia and Oceania (JCAS Symposium Series No. 16), pp.331–335. The Japan Center for Area Studies, Osaka.
2002
Taro Storage Systems. In S. Yoshida and P. J. Matthews (eds.) Vegeculture in Eastern Asia and Oceania (JCAS Symposium Series No. 16), pp.135–163. The Japan Center for Area Studies, Osaka.
2002
P. J. Matthews and S. Yoshida (eds.) Vegeculture in Eastern Asia and Oceania (JCAS Symposium Series No. 16), pp.335. The Japan Center for Area Studies, Osaka.
2002
An Introduction to the History of Taro as a Food. Paper presented at the Twelfth Symposium of the International Society for Tropical Root Crops (ISTRC), 10–16 September, 2000, Tsukuba, Japan.
2002
Genetic Diversity in Taro, and the Preservation of Culinary Knowledge. In J. Stevens and W. McClatchey (eds.) Proceedings of the Conference, Building Bridges with Traditional Knowledge II, 28 May–1 June, 2001, Honolulu.
1999
(With J. Tanaka and S. Koyama) The Eighth International Conference on Hunting and Gathering Societies (CHAGS 8). Bulletin of the National Museum of Ethnology 23: 809–813.
1999
Satoimo ka shokubutsu no riyo to denpa (Use and dispersal of Aroids). (in Japanese). In T. Akimichi and T. Obayashi (eds.) Ethnobiology of the Austronesians, pp.153–190. Tokyo: Heibonsha.
1999
How Do People Use Taro in the Eastern Mediterranean? (in Japanese) Gekkan Minpaku Editorial Committee (ed.) 100 Questions, 100 Answers: The Life of Peoples of the World. Tokyo: Kawade-shobo-shinsha.
1998
Wildtype Taro, and the Recent History of Cultivated Taro in Cyprus and Hawaii. In AFRC (ed.) Proceedings of 1998 TASAE (Tsukuba Asian Seminar on Agricultural Extension): Application of Biological Resources for the Innovation of Agricultural and Environmental Education in Asian-Pacific Countries, pp.99–108. Tsukuba: Agricultural and Forestry Research Center, University of Tsukuba.
1998
The Real Face of Cyprus. (in Japanese). Kikan Minzokugaku (Ethnology Quarterly) Autumn 86: 68–74.
1998
Taro in Hawaii: Present Status and Current Research. Plant Genetic Resources Newsletter 116: 26–29.
1997
(With C. Gosden) Plant Remains from Waterlogged Sites in the Arawe Islands, West New Britain Province, Papua New Guinea: Implications for the History of Plant Use and Domestication. Economic Botany 51(2): 121–133.
1997
Research on Taro in Cyprus. (in Japanese). Minpaku Gekkan (April) 21 (4): 15–17.
1997
Field Guide for Wild-type Taro. Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott. Plant Genetic Resources Newsletter 110: 41–48.
1996
Ethnobotany, and the Origins of Broussonetia Papyrifera in Polynesia. (An essay on tapa prehistory). In J. M. Davidson, G. Irwin, B. F. Leach, A. Pawley, and D. Brown (eds.) Oceanic Culture History: Essays in Honour of Roger Green, pp.117–132. Wellington: New Zealand Journal of Archaeology.
1996
Plant Dispersal and Human Movement: Evidence for a Complex History in Polynesia. (In Japanese). Minpaku Tsushin 73: 80–85 (Communications of the National Museum of Ethnology, Osaka).
1996
Review: The Other Greeks: The Family Farm and the Agrarian Roots of Western Civilization. Economic Botany 50: 138.
1995
Aroids and the Austronesians. Tropics 4(2): 105–126.
1995
Review: Foraging and Farming in the Eastern Woodlands. In C. M. Scarry (ed.)Economic Botany 49(1) 108.
1995
Review: Plants in Hawaiian Culture. In B. H. Krauss (ed.) Man and Culture in Oceania 11: 125–128.
1995
Sadayuki Katayama of Ikeda. New Zealand Camellia Bulletin 19(2): 41–43.
1994
(With R. Terauchi) The Genetics of Agriculture: DNA Variation in Taro and Yam. In J. G. Hather (ed.) Tropical Archaeobotany: Applications and new developments, pp.251–270. London and New York: Routledge.
1994
Ethnobiologist Receives Award. Man and Culture in Oceania 11: 131–132.
1992
(With E. Takei and T. Kawahara) Colocasia esculenta var. aquatilis on Okinawa Island, Southern Japan: The Distribution and Possible Origins of a Wild Diploid Taro. Man and Culture in Oceania 8: 19–34.
1992
(With Y. Matsushita, T. Sato, and M. Hirai) Ribosomal and Mitochondrial DNA Variation in Japanese Taro. (Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott). Japanese Journal of Breeding 42: 825–833.
1991
(With Y. Sakata and T. Nishio) Chloroplast DNA Analysis of Eggplant (Solanum Melongena) and Related Species for Their Taxonomic Affinity. Euphytica 55: 21–26.
1991
A Possible Tropical Wildtype Taro: Colocasia esculenta var. aquatilis. Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association Bulletin 11: 69–81.
1987
Wild Taro and the Context of Cultivation. Aroideana 10: 9–13.
1985
Nga taro o Aotearoa. Journal of the Polynesian Society 94: 253–272.
1982
Taro in the Bay of Islands. New Zealand Archaeological Society Newsletter 25(4): 230–239.
1980
Patterns of Feeding on Dysoxylum and Planchonella Fruits. Tane 28: 79–82.
1979
Archaeological Site Survey on Ponui Island, Hauraki Gulf, New Zealand. Tane 25: 23–33.
口頭発表等
2011
The Hemudu Culture Forum: In a Global Perspective(主催: Peking University, Zhejiang Provincial Bureau of Culture Heritage)(2011.5.26-28) "Comparing the habitats of wild rice (Oryza rufipogon) and wild taro (Colocasia esculenta) in Australia and Papua New Guinea"
2009
19th International Congress of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association (IPPA) (2009.11.29-12.5) "Ethnobotany and ecology of wild taros (Colocasiaesculenta) in the Philippines: implications for domestication and dispersal"
2005
「Culinary Records of Taro in Egypt and the Eastern Mediterranean」第4回国際民族植物学会議、イスタンブール・イェディテッペ大学(2005.08.21-25)
2005
「The Domestication of Nutrient Cycles: A Unifying Principle for Thinking about the Origins of Agriculture?」総合地球環境学研究所プレ国際シンポジウム、第7回ESCAハーヴァード大学・地球研共同円卓会議(2005.06.06-08)
2004
“What is Food Security? Lessons from the Book of Taro.” Lecture to staff and students at the Seed Bank, 30 July, Yezin Agricultural University, Myanmar.
2004
「食の安全性とは?サトイモの本から学べるもの」第315回みんぱくゼミナール(2004.7.17)
2004
“The Cultivated Aroids: Natural History, Archaeology, and Ethnoarchaeology.” Talk presented for Project on Farming and Environmental History in Eurasia, 17 March, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature (RIHN), Kyoto.
2004
“Wildtype Taro in Myanmar: A Major Green Fodder for Village Pigs.” 3 March, Research seminar at the Centre for Archaeological Research (CAR), ANU, Canberra.
2003
“The Natural Origins and Cultural History of Taro.” (on behalf of Myanmar Biodiversity Research Project), presented at: (i) Vegetable and Fruit Research Development Centre, Yangon (ii) Central Agriculture Research Institute (CARI), Yezin (iii) Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, Yangon.(2003.11)
2003
“Monbukagakusho-funded conference organised : Research Writing in Japan - Cultural, Personal and Practical Perpectives. National Museum of Ethnology, Osaka, 15-16 March, 2003. (see : www.researchco-op.net/conference.html)
2002
“DNA Analysis and Ethnoarchaeological Approaches for Study of the early Use and Cultivation of Taro.” (With Yano Azusa, Nichibunken): Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Molecular Biology Society of Japan, Yokohama, 11–14 December.
2002
“Taro Storage Systems.” Iwate Prefecture Agricultural Research Institute, Japan, 25 November.
2002
“Ancient Starch Research.” Talk presented at inaugural meeting of the DNA Archaeology Society (Japan), 5 December.
2002
“Origins and History of Taro.” Talk presented in New Zealand at (1) Patea Marae, Taranaki and (2) Awataha Marae, Auckland, and (3) Lincoln Research Centre (Landcare New Zealand), Christchurch. (May, 2002)
展示活動
2007
開館30周年記念特別展「オセアニア大航海展:ヴァカ モアナ、海の人類大移動」実行委員長(9.13~12.11)